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Background and Objectives: EuReCa collects data on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in Europe. In this study (EuReCa ONE) we hypothesised that a higher rate of death is associated with a higher rate of CPR started. We investigated the relationship between the rate of CPR started and total death rates, and also between the rate of CPR started and death rates from ischaemic heart disease (IHD).

Methods: We conducted a prospective observational study of EMS attended OHCA from 1st - 31st October 2014, covering 201 million inhabitants from 27 European countries. The incidence of cases where CPR was started was calculated per 100,000/year for each country. Data on deaths from IHD and all deaths was obtained from health statistics of the European Commission (Eurostat). Correlations between both these death rates and CPR started rates were calculated.

Results: We found a wide range of rates of CPR started (19 - 104/100,000/year) and differences in all death rates (623 - 1417/100,000/year) and IHD death rates (202 - 766/100,000/year). The figures show the relationships for each country. Correlations between the rates of CPR started and rates of death from IHD and total deaths were Pearson R2 =0.06 (p=0.25); Pearson R2 = 0.10 (p=0.12) respectively.

Conclusion: Correlation is low between the rate of CPR and both the rate of death from all causes and IHD. Differences in mortality rates do not explain the observed variability in the rates of CPR started.

Footnotes

Author Disclosures: J. Gräsner: None. J. Wnent: None. S. Masterson: None. R.W. Koster: Research Grant; Significant; Physio Control. I.B. Myrhaugen Tjelmeland: None. B.W. Böttiger: None. F. Rosell Ortiz: None. H. Maurer: None. J. Herlitz: None. L. Bossaert: None.

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