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Effect of cholesterol feeding on lipolytic activities in high- and low-responding rhesus monkeys.

Originally published An Official Journal of the American Heart Association, Inc.. 1989;9:380–389

    We compared the activities of lipoprotein (LPL) and hepatic lipase (HL) in postheparin plasma in groups of high- and low-responding rhesus monkeys fed a low cholesterol diet followed by a high cholesterol diet. Cholesterol feeding resulted in a two-phase response in lipolytic activities: an initial phase lasting about 21 days that was similar in the two groups, followed by the second phase in which major differences became apparent between the groups. In the initial phase, LPL and HL activities increased along with plasma cholesterol and high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, but there was no change in plasma triglycerides or apolipoprotein (apo) A-I levels. These changes suggest that both high and low responders respond in a similar manner to metabolize an increased lipid load and that both groups continue to remove triglyceride efficiently while cholesterol accumulation begins. The second phase (between 21 and 42 days and thereafter) in high responders was characterized by a decrease in LPL and HL activities along with plasma HDL cholesterol and apo A-I levels, continued increase in plasma cholesterol, and a slow increase in plasma triglycerides. In low responders, LPL activity was maintained at a high level, HL activity decreased to the basal level, and plasma lipids were unchanged. All changes occurred simultaneously, suggesting metabolic relationships between plasma lipolytic activities, plasma lipids, and apolipoprotein.