Acute Coronary Syndromes
Session Title: Targeting Lipid Abnormalities Following ACS
Abstract 13787: Efficacy of Lowering Low-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Elderly Subjects: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Introduction: The clinical benefit from LDL-C lowering therapy in the elderly remains debated.
Aim: To synthesize the efficacy of lowering LDL-C in patients aged ≥75 years in the light of most recently published data.
Methods: Medline database was searched for the most recent evidence (2015-2020). The key inclusion criterion was a randomized controlled cardiovascular outcome trial testing an LDL-C lowering therapy with data available in patients aged ≥75 years at randomization. For efficacy, we meta-analyzed the risk ratio (RR) of major vascular events (a composite of cardiovascular (CV) death, myocardial infarction, stroke or coronary revascularization) per 1-mmol/L reduction in LDL-C.
Results: Among 244,090 patients from 29 trials, 21,492 (8.8%) were elderly; 11,750 from statin trials, 6209 from ezetimibe trials, and 3533 from PCSK9 inhibitor trials. Median follow-up ranged from 2.2-6.0 years. LDL-C lowering therapy significantly reduced major vascular events (n=3519) in the elderly by 26% per 1-mmol/L LDL-C reduction (RR 0.74 [0.61-0.89], P=0.002), which was at least as good as the magnitude of effect seen in the non-elderly patients (RR 0.85 [0.78-0.92]; Pinteraction=0.24). Amongst the elderly, the RR was similar for statin (0.81 [0.70-0.94]) and non-statin therapy (0.67 [0.47-0.95]; Pinteraction=0.60). The benefit of LDL-C lowering in the elderly was observed for each component of the composite, including CV death (RR 0.85 [0.73-0.996], P=0.045), myocardial infraction (RR 0.80 [0.70-0.92], P=0.001), stroke (RR 0.71 [0.58-0.87], P=0.001) and coronary revascularization (RR 0.78 [0.63-0.96], P=0.017).
Conclusion: In patients 75 years and older, lipid-lowering therapy is as effective in reducing CV events as it is in younger adults. These results should strengthen guideline recommendations for the use of lipid-lowering therapies, including non-statin therapy, in the elderly.