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International Stroke Conference 2021 Poster Abstracts
Session Title: Translational Basic Science Posters

Abstract P736: Memantine, an NMDA Antagonist and Aging Alter the Thalamic Gliosis in Experimental Stroke in Mice

Originally publishedhttps://doi.org/10.1161/str.52.suppl_1.P736Stroke. 2021;52:AP736

    Secondary injury in the thalamus has been observed following cortical stroke in rodents and humans and is associated with worsened recovery. Interruption of this progressive injury reflects an important therapeutic goal. However, the mechanisms whereby primary cortical infarction leads to remote injury in distant regions of brain are not well defined. We used a mouse model of cortical stroke (which demonstrates delayed thalamic injury) to define the time course of thalamic gliosis and neuronal injury and then test the potential of delayed memantine treatment (an NMDA receptor antagonist) to attenuate this secondary injury.

    Methods: Cortical infarction was induced by permanent occlusion of the distal middle cerebral artery (pdMCAO) in male C57BL/6J mice (young and aged) and CCR2-RFP mice. Brain infarct, cell-specific injury, and gliosis were measured by cresyl violet, Fluoro-jade C (FJC), TTC, FACS, and immunofluorescence. In young mice, memantine was injected at 4 and 24 hours post-stroke (100 and 50 mg/kg, ip). Brains were evaluated at post-stroke day 3 and 14 (PSD3 and PSD14).

    Results: At PSD3, the primary infarct was restricted to the cortex of the MCA territory, with no infarct detected in the thalamus of young mice. However, by PSD 14, neurons in the ipsilateral thalamus exhibited significant injury (FJC positive, condensed pyknotic nuclei). Gliosis was first detectable in the ipsilateral thalamus at PSD3 and progressively increased to PSD14 (anti-GFAP and Iba1). Infiltration of peripheral-derived monocytes was determined to be one source of the activated microglia in the thalamus (CCR2-RFP reporter mice, n=3). Interestingly, pdMCAO mice allowed to recover for two years demonstrated persistent astrogliosis (cortex and thalamus), though microgliosis was no longer evident (n=2). Aged mice subjected to pdMCAO also demonstrated gliosis in thalamus at PSD14, albeit to a lesser extent than young mice (n=5 each age). Finally, delayed treatment with memantine resulted in significantly attenuated gliosis and neuronal loss in the thalamus at PSD14 (young mice, n=9 each).

    Conclusions: These results further define gliosis in the mechanism of secondary injury and importantly demonstrate attenuation of secondary injury by delayed NMDA receptor antagonism.

    Footnotes

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