Skip main navigation
International Stroke Conference 2023 Poster Abstracts
Session Title: Translational Basic Science Posters II

Abstract TP215: Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Impairs Long-term Behavioral Recovery Following Ischemic Stroke In Sprague Dawley Rats

Originally published 2023;54:ATP215

    Background and Purpose: Early life adversity is an important risk factor for cardiometabolic diseases in adulthood. There is very little information on prenatal insults and adult stroke outcomes. The present study tested the hypothesis that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) impedes long-term recovery from ischemic stroke in rats.

    Methods: Pregnant Sprague Dawley rats (in-house bred) were exposed to 10% alcohol or air, for 1 hour from gestational day 8 through 18 using the rodent alcohol inhalation system. Adult offspring (5-6 mo old) were subjected to endothelin-1 induced MCAo and outcomes were evaluated after 180 days. Long-term cognitive outcomes were determined using the Barnes maze and fear conditioning/extinction test.

    Results: In the Barnes maze test, control males showed shorter latency to reach the goal box over 3-day learning period (p=0.002), as assessed by the slope of the curve (-27.66, significantly different from 0; p=0.005). In contrast, the latency over the 3-day learning period did not improve in PAE males (-9.674, not significantly different from 0; p=0.22). In females, the latency to escape box during the learning trials was not different between the control and PAE. The fear conditioning data indicate that percent freezing over trials was similar in control and PAE-males. However, the PAE females exhibited a diminished freezing response as compared to control females (p=0.01). In the context of fear extinction, control males showed a reduction in freezing response to repeated tones over the trial blocks (p=0.004) compared to PAE-males. The control and PAE females showed similar freezing responses with repeated tones.

    Conclusions: The present findings support the hypothesis that PAE modifies long-term cognitive changes after stroke, and further show that different cognitive domains are affected by PAE in males and females.


    Author Disclosures: For author disclosure information, please visit the ASA’s International Stroke Conference 2023 Online Program Planner and search for the abstract title.


    eLetters should relate to an article recently published in the journal and are not a forum for providing unpublished data. Comments are reviewed for appropriate use of tone and language. Comments are not peer-reviewed. Acceptable comments are posted to the journal website only. Comments are not published in an issue and are not indexed in PubMed. Comments should be no longer than 500 words and will only be posted online. References are limited to 10. Authors of the article cited in the comment will be invited to reply, as appropriate.

    Comments and feedback on AHA/ASA Scientific Statements and Guidelines should be directed to the AHA/ASA Manuscript Oversight Committee via its Correspondence page.